The Surprising Ways Gender Influences Our Teeth


When it comes to the differences between men and women, teeth are usually not the first thing that comes to mind. Yet, dental health and the structure of our teeth can vary significantly between genders. This distinction is rooted in a mix of biological, hormonal, and lifestyle factors that contribute to how teeth develop, age, and respond to external stressors. Understanding these differences is not just a matter of curiosity but has practical implications for each patient’s dental care and treatment plans.

The Surprising Ways Gender Influences Our Teeth 1

Size Matters!

The most noticeable difference between men’s and women’s teeth is their size. Typically, men have larger teeth, a characteristic that correlates with the general physical differences between the sexes, including overall body and mouth size. This variance extends to the jawbone, with men usually having a more pronounced jaw structure. Consequently, these physical distinctions can influence treatment plans, such as when considering the all-on-4 Westbury technique for replacing missing teeth, where the size and structure of the jawbone play a critical role.

Hormones Make a Difference

Hormones play a pivotal role in distinguishing between men’s and women’s dental health. Women, in particular, may experience unique dental challenges due to hormonal fluctuations throughout their lives, especially during pregnancy. Pregnancy gingivitis is a common condition where the gums become swollen and more prone to bleeding, a direct result of hormonal changes affecting the body’s response to dental plaque. Moreover, hormonal variations during menstruation, menopause, and even when using oral contraceptives can influence gum sensitivity and susceptibility to periodontal disease.

Lifestyle Factors

Lifestyle choices and habits further differentiate men’s and women’s dental health. Statistically, men are more likely to smoke than women, a habit directly linked to higher rates of periodontal disease, tooth discolouration, and oral cancer. Similarly, men tend to consume alcohol more frequently and in larger quantities than women, exacerbating the risk of dental issues. Medication use, which can differ significantly between genders, often affects oral health through side effects such as dry mouth, which increases the risk of decay and gum disease.

Sporting activities also contribute to dental health disparities. Men are more inclined to participate in contact sports, raising the likelihood of dental injuries and trauma. Such accidents can lead to tooth loss, fractures, and the need for complex dental procedures to restore dental function and aesthetics.

Customised Dental Care

While the biological and lifestyle differences between men and women undeniably impact dental health, the foundation of good oral hygiene remains universal. That’s why it’s important that dental care is customised to an individual’s specific needs because a one-size-fits-all approach doesn’t suit everyone. Instead, a personalised treatment strategy, sensitive to each patient’s unique challenges, is essential for maintaining optimal dental health and well-being.

Embracing the Differences for Tailored Dental Care

Acknowledging and understanding the differences between men’s and women’s teeth is a step towards more personalised and effective dental care. As Dentists unravel these differences, they can better address their patients’ specific dental needs. With this understanding, we move closer to a world where dental health is not just seen through a generalised lens but approached with the nuance and care everyone deserves.


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Karla L. Branan
I am a doctor. I’m not the biggest fan of doctors, but I love to blog. I am a strong advocate for living a healthy lifestyle. I also believe in natural remedies and holistic care. I hope my blog helps people live healthier lives.